学習障害(LD)について深掘りする【2】

メンタル・イデア・ラボの本城ハルです。

今回はなぜディスレクシアだと困るのかと、実際の“苦手”とは?についてお話します。

前回、ディスレクシアだと読んだり書いたりすることが苦手だとお話しました。ただこれは、脳の機能不全からくる目につきやすい症状の一つであり、実際の生活では他にもさまざまな課題が持ち上がっています。

  • 鏡文字(反転文字)を書いてしまう。
  • 無意識に文字を入れ替えてしまう。
  • とっさに名詞が出てこない。
  • 耳慣れず見慣れない単語を読み間違えたり発音を間違える。
  • 人名や地名を間違える。
  • 長文に集中が続かず、読み飛ばしや読み間違え、何が書いてあったかわからなくなる。
  • 似た音を聞き間違える(カギ→カキなど)
  • 日本語の特殊音節や助詞を使うのが苦手(デパートがデーパートになったり、デーパト、デパトになったりする)。
  • 空間認知が弱いので、よく物にぶつかる、落とす落ちるなど怪我が多い、また、よく物をひっくり返したり壊す、など。

実生活でもいろいろ困りそうですよね。おっちょこちょい、慌てん坊、これももしかしたら脳の機能不全からくるのかもしれません。

ここまでで気付いたことはありませんか?

そうです、

ADHDに表れる特徴と被っているのです。ADHDだとディスレクシアも重複しやすかったり、苦手部分が被ったりしています。

ディスレクシアという視点から“聞いて理解、見て理解”を少しお話します。

【音を聞き】取る。とてもザックリしていますし、「耳は悪くないよ、聴力検査でも異常なしだったし」と思う人もいるでしょう。音がしているかどうか気付くこと、これは耳が機能しているか(ちゃんと聞こえているか)どうか知覚的にわかるかどうかですが、ディスレクシアがあると『ぼうし(帽子/防止)』や『チョコレート』『りょこう(旅行)』『サッカー』など伸ばす音や、『ちゃ』『りょ』『ッ』『パ』などの特殊音や破裂音を正しく聞き取ることが苦手で、聞き間違い、聞き漏れが出ることがあります。

知覚的に音がするかどうかに気付くと、次にどんな音が出ているかという“言葉”の聞き取り、聞き分けになります。言葉の聞き分けとは似ている言葉(はし/かし、ろば/おば)を聞き間違えないかどうかです。

そして、次に周りにある関係のない音の中から自分に必要な聞きたい音だけを選択して聞き取れるかどうかです。以前のコラム【さまざまな注意】でもお話しましたが、選択的注意のことです。

知覚的に聞き取りが苦手だと、周りにある関係のない音も同じ大きさで一緒に拾ってしまい、必要な音だけを選択して聞き取ることも苦手です。

音に気付くことができ、聞き取りもできて、選択的に自分に必要なことを拾い聞くことができても、最後にある“言葉の意味が理解できない”という課題があると、『音は聞こえる、音の聞き取り聞き分けもできる、単語も拾える、でも文章としての意味がわからない』ということが起こります。最近注目されるようになった【聴覚情報処理障害/APD】です。

次回以降は【見て理解】するから、言語理解〜流暢性についてお話しようと思います。

<運営会社:Jiyuuku Inc.

「学習障害(LD)について深掘りする【2】」への8,169件のフィードバック

  1. You are actually a good webmaster. This site loading velocity is amazing.
    It sort of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick.
    Also, the contents are masterwork. you have done a great task on this
    matter! Similar here: https://podusia.top and also here: Tani sklep

  2. Howdy! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some
    targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good results.
    If you know of any please share. Kudos! You can read similar article
    here: Backlink Building

  3. Wow, marvelous blog format!
    How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging glance easy.
    The full glance of your website is magnificent, as smartly as
    the content! You can see similar here prev next
    and that was wrote by Landon88.

  4. Wow, awesome weblog layout!
    How lengthy have you been running a blog for? you made running a blog
    glance easy. The total glance of your web site is fantastic, as neatly as the content!
    I read similar here Mandy Non7.
    2024/04/23

  5. What’s The Current Job Market For Double Glazed Window Repairs Professionals Like?
    double glazed window repairs (Ada)

  6. Are You Sick Of CSGO Weapon Case? 10 Inspirational Resources To Revive Your
    Passion esports 2014 summer case (Audrey)

  7. The Best Advice You’ll Receive About 3 Wheel Mobility Scooter For Adults 3 wheeled mobility scooters for
    sale (Barrett)

  8. How To Make An Amazing Instagram Video About Autowatch Ghost
    Installers Birmingham autowatch ghost installers birmingham (John)

  9. Asbestos claims are complicated because they typically involve multiple
    jurisdictions. Law firms that have expertise in handling asbestos claims on a national and state level
    are aware of the specific laws involved.

    My website :: Vimeo.Com

  10. See What Replacement Sash Windows Tricks The Celebs Are Utilizing replacement sash windows (Dyan)

  11. 9 . What Your Parents Teach You About Situs Alternatif Gotogel situs alternatif gotogel (Troy)

  12. Upvc Door Repairs Near Me Tools To Streamline Your Daily Life Upvc
    Door Repairs Near Me Trick That Everyone Should Be Able To Near Me

  13. The 9 Things Your Parents Teach You About Robotic Vacuum Self Emptying robotic vacuum self emptying (Bonnie)

  14. Are You Getting Tired Of Best Online Shopping Sites London?
    10 Inspirational Sources That Will Bring Back Your Love
    Vimeo

  15. 10 Tell-Tale Signs You Must See To Know Before You Buy Double Glazing Deals Near Me double door
    [Amee]

  16. A Step-By-Step Guide To Sectional Sleeper Sofa From Beginning To End small sectional sofa (Rob)

  17. The Reasons You Should Experience Dangerous Drugs Lawsuit At The Very
    Least Once In Your Lifetime Vimeo

  18. 5 People You Oughta Know In The Double Glazing Company Near Me Industry double glazed windows handles (Moshe)

  19. 10 Things That Your Family Teach You About Designer Handbags White designer handbags white, Erik,

  20. You’ll Never Guess This Upvc Window Repairs Near Me’s Secrets upvc window repairs
    near me (Ila)

  21. 10 Signs To Watch For To Buy A Fridge Freezers Side By Side narrow side by side refrigerator [Mel]

  22. What Is Online Jobs Work From Home No Experience?

    History Of Online Jobs Work From Home No Experience In 10 Milestones Search

  23. Why We Our Love For Shopping Online Sites List (And You Should Also!) Wall Mounted Ironing Station, Yanira,

  24. Could Window Repair Near Be The Answer To Achieving 2023?

    upvc window repair near me (Bret)

  25. Guide To Upvc Windows Near Me: The Intermediate Guide
    Towards Upvc Windows Near Me upvc windows near me (Jackie)

  26. Online Shopping Website In London Tips To Relax Your Everyday Lifethe Only Online Shopping Website In London Trick That Every
    Person Should Learn online shopping website In london – j.Lix7.net,

  27. Dreame L30 Ultra Robot Vacuum Tools To Ease Your
    Everyday Lifethe Only Dreame L30 Ultra Robot Vacuum Trick
    That Everybody Should Know dreame L30

  28. 15 Amazing Facts About Where To Buy Electronics Online That You’d Never Been Educated About Vimeo

  29. The No. One Question That Everyone Working In Accident Attorney Should Be Able To Answer accident lawyer
    Luann

  30. 5 Killer Quora Answers To Lightest Automatic Folding Mobility Scooter lightest
    automatic folding mobility scooter (Ingeborg)

  31. 5 People You Should Meet In The Door Fitters Leeds
    Industry upvc window handle repairs leeds (Trina)

  32. Getting Tired Of Online Shopping Sites Clothes Cheap?
    10 Inspirational Sources To Revive Your Love For Online Shopping
    Sites Clothes Cheap vimeo

  33. 10 Instagram Accounts On Pinterest To Follow About Bean Coffee Machine bean-to-cup coffee machines, Arlene,

  34. Guide To 12kg Washing Machine Sale: The Intermediate Guide In 12kg Washing Machine Sale 12kg washing machine sale (Mayra)

  35. Gotogel Link Alternatif Tips To Relax Your Daily Life Gotogel Link
    Alternatif Technique Every Person Needs To Learn gotogel

  36. 7 Things You’ve Never Knew About Motor Vehicle Settlement
    motor vehicle accident lawyer (Dusty)

  37. Five Essential Qualities Customers Are Searching For In Every Diagnostics Near Me mobile
    diagnostic near me (Bianca)

  38. The Top Replacement Upvc Window Handles Gurus Do 3 Things upvc
    window repair near me; Sue,

  39. 10 Things You’ve Learned From Kindergarden That’ll Help You
    With Leeds Window Repair double glazing leeds [Van]

  40. Locksmith Near Me Auto Tools To Help You Manage Your
    Daily Life Locksmith Near Me Auto Trick That Every Person Should Learn near Me

  41. Private Diagnosis For ADHD Tools To Improve Your Daily
    Lifethe One Private Diagnosis For ADHD Technique Every Person Needs To Be Able
    To private

  42. 15 Twitter Accounts That Are The Best To Discover Key Programming mobile key programming near me
    (Cecil)

  43. A Look Inside The Secrets Of Avon Skin So Soft Dry Oil Spray Uses avon skin so soft dry oil spray uses (Zane)

  44. The 10 Most Dismal Upvc Window Repairs Mistakes Of All Time Could Have Been Prevented upvc
    repairs (Dina)

  45. This Is A Tommy Hilfiger Bags Ladies Success Story
    You’ll Never Be Able To tommy hilfiger bag sale [Carole]

  46. 10 Misconceptions Your Boss Shares Regarding
    Glass Window Repair upvc door repairs near me (Andy)